the two cosmogonies (origin of the world) in conflict with each other


Problematizing the Familiar

(Book of Genesis 1-3)


  1. Are the two cosmogonies (origin of the world) in conflict with each other? Why? What are the questionable factors (Genesis 1: 1-31; 2: 1-3, and 2: 4-14) ?
  2. Are the two accounts of the creation of man and woman (Gen. 1: 26-28, and Gen. 2: 7 & 15-24) in conflict with each other? Why? What is the “gender relationship” implied in the description like that “God created Eve out of rib of Adam”? What is your take-on when God is portrayed as the God who did not know ahead of time that “man shouldn’t be alone,” and “there is no suitable partner for Adam in the animal Kingdom”?
  3. What was the warning of God regarding the fruit of the “Tree of knowledge” (Gen. 2:17 & 3:3)? Did Adam and Eve really die right after eating that fruit (Gen. 3: 10-11; 3: 22; 5: 3-4)?
  4. What kind of instant changes occurred to Adam and Eve right after they ate the fruit? Are the capacities of being able to “know the good from evil” and “acknowledge one’s own physical condition (nakedness) really negative development of human nature (by-product of original sin)? Why?
  5. What were the punishments of Adam and Eve? Were the severity and fairness of God’s punishments problematic? Why? Who, Adam or Eve should take more blame for the fall (Gen. 3:16-17)? Why? What is the implication of gender relationship according to God’s statement that “he [Adam] should rule over you [Eve],”? Do you agree or disagree to it?
  6. What was God(s)’s anxiety over the possibility that Adam and Eve may reach their hands to the fruit of “Tree of Life” (Gen 3: 22-23)? What are the characteristics of God portrayed in here?
  7. What is the nature of the relationship between God, and Adam & Eve, suggested in this narrative i.e. Inter-dependent, Authoritative and Hierarchical, Parental-Loving, or Others? Why?


Problem Statement

The research problem is to determine if the organizational transitions in the McDonald’s Corporation have an effect on the employee commitment, and the type of impact these changes have. The following questions are aimed to be addressed during the course of the research:

1- What is the meaning of organizational transition and why it is an essential aspect in the functioning of a company?

2- What are the various effects that organizational transition has on the personnel of a company?

3- What is meant by employee commitment, how can it be assessed, and why is it important for the company?

4- How are organizational transition in the company and levels of employee commitment inter-related?

5- What has been the impact of organizational transition on employee commitment in McDonald’s?


McDonald’s, which is one of the largest fast food chains in the world, wants to retain its competitive edge by constantly updating its practices and policies to make its employees the best and the most committed.

There are thousands of employees operating from various parts of the country in the McDonald’s Corporation. In today’s fast moving environment, changes set in at such a great speed, that many companies are not able to withstand the pressures of the external environment. It is important for the company to take concrete steps to ensure that its employees stay satisfied and committed despite all external and internal influences.

The current study utilized the principles and benefits of descriptive quantitative research methodology. This form of business research method was designed to help the researcher gain more information about the control management concept and its relation to McDonald’s employee attitudes toward control management and its meaning. Descriptive quantitative study can be used to create new hypotheses and assumptions, identify and evaluate the preferred control management systems at McDonalds, or even to identify what different employees would be willing to do in one and the same situation. However, the current study used quantitative method to answer the three following questions:

(a) Which are the factors affecting control management practices at McDonalds;

(b) Which is the impact of control management on employee performance at McDonalds; and

(c) Which are the control management methods which could improve employee performance at McDonalds?


To some extent, the current study also involved the benefits of correlation quantitative methodology, which is used to establish and describe a relationship between two or more variables. This type of research is applicable and used in conditions, where manipulation of independent variables is impossible or does not occur. The current study did not seek to manipulate independent variables but aimed to explore the links and relationships between concepts per se. As a result, the principles of co relational research could add value to the discussed research methodology and could enhance the reliability and validity of the research results.












  1. Neuman, W. (2003) Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches 5th ed, Boston, Allyn and Bacon.


  1. Yin, R.K., 2003. Case Study Research: Design and Method. 3rd London, Sage.
  2. Zikmund, W.G., 2003. Business Research Methods. 6th Fort Worth, TX, Dryden Press.
  3. Wass, V. and Wells, P., 1994. Research methods in action: an introduction, in Wass, V.J. and Wells, P.E.(eds), Principles and Practice in BUSINESS and Management Research, Aldershot, Dartmouth, pp 1-34.
  4. Saunders, M., Lewis P. and Thornhill, A., 2007. Research Methods for Business Students. 4th London, Prentice Hall.
  5. Stewart, S.W. & Kamins, M.A., 1993. Secondary Research: Information Sources and Methods. 2nd Newbury Park, CA, Saga.





About the Author Doris C. Chesser